Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is named for one of the first plants in which it was found in the 1800s. However, it can infect well over 350 different species of plants. TMV is made up of a piece of nucleic acid (ribonucleic acid; RNA) and a surrounding protein coat.
What plants can tobacco mosaic virus affect?
The tobacco mosaic virus attacks plants in the families that include tomato, pepper, eggplant, tobacco, spinach, petunia, and marigold. Many modern vegetable varieties have been developed to resist this virus.
How does tobacco mosaic virus affect plant growth?
It infects the chloroplasts of plant leaves and changes their colour from green to yellow or white in a mosaic pattern. It can also make leaves crinkled or curled up. This reduces the plant’s ability to photosynthesise and grow properly, which can reduce farmers’ crop yields .
Where is tobacco mosaic virus most common in the world?
TMV is spread worldwide. It occurs in all tobacco production areas, where susceptible varieties are grown and it causes serious loss. TMV is feared in many Asian countries (China, Thailand, Vietnam …) and Oceania (Indonesia, Australia …).
Is tobacco mosaic virus common?
TMV is highly transmissible and is commonly spread by handling infected plants, then healthy plants. Spread via gardening tools is also very common.
Is tobacco mosaic virus a retrovirus?
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus species in the genus Tobamovirus that infects a wide range of plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae.
|Tobacco mosaic virus|
|Species:||Tobacco mosaic virus|
How Long Tall is TMV?
TMV is the type member of a large group of viruses within the genus Tobamovirus. The rod-shaped virus particles (virions) of TMV measure about 300 nm x 15 nm (Figure 6). A single TMV particle is composed of 2,130 copies of the coat protein (CP) that envelope the RNA molecule of about 6,400 nucleotides (Figure 7).
Is Rose black spot a virus?
Rose black spot is a fungal disease of roses where purple or black spots develop on the leaves, which often drop early.
What causes mosaic virus in plants?
Mosaic symptoms may be masked or latent, especially at temperatures above 27 °C (81 °F), and are sometimes confused with nutrient deficiency or herbicide injury. The causal viruses are spread by aphids and other insects, mites, fungi, nematodes, and contact; pollen and seeds can carry the infection as well.
Who first crystallized virus?
We will look at Wendell Meredith Stanley, who reported the first virus in crystalline form on June 28, 1935.
Does mosaic virus stay in soil?
Great for the aphid, but really unfortunate for the hundreds of plants it can bite during those few hours. If there’s any good news here it’s that unlike some other mosaics, Cucumber Mosaic Virus can’t be passed along through seeds and won’t persist in plant debris or soil.
Who discovered virus?
In 1892, Dmitri Ivanovsky used one of these filters to show that sap from a diseased tobacco plant remained infectious to healthy tobacco plants despite having been filtered. Martinus Beijerinck called the filtered, infectious substance a “virus” and this discovery is considered to be the beginning of virology.
Can a plant survive mosaic virus?
Plant virus-resistant varieties in your garden. Resistant varieties of tomatoes have yet to be developed for cucumber mosaic virus, but tomatoes that are resistant to tobacco mosaic virus may have some slight resistance to cucumber mosaic virus as well.
Can humans get tobacco mosaic virus?
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), a widespread plant pathogen, is found in tobacco (including cigarettes and smokeless tobacco) as well as in many other plants. Plant viruses do not replicate or cause infection in humans or other mammals.
Can tomatoes get mosaic virus?
For example, tomato mosaic virus most often infects tomatoes, but can also infect pepper, potato, apple, pear, cherry and numerous weeds, including pigweed and lamb’s quarters. Tobacco mosaic virus can infect ornamentals and weeds including cucumber, lettuce, beet, pepper, tomato, petunia, jimson weed and horsenettle.