The maturity of individual cotton fiber is an essential aspect of the cotton classing regarding the aesthetics such as appearance, dye-uptake, etc. High volume instrument (HVI) can test cotton maturity like many other fiber properties, including length, uniformity, micronaire/fineness, strength, color, etc.
Why it is important to determine the cotton maturity?
Cotton maturity is an important factor for determining cotton fiber spinnability, proneness to nepping, dyeability, yarn strength and uniformity.
What is the impact of immature fibres in yarn properties?
Neps not only adversely affect the appearance of cotton yarns and fabric but are also usually associated with lower yarn strength, ends down in spinning and less-uniform yarn.
What are the effect of cotton fiber maturity on dyeing process?
Laboratory dyeing experiments, carried out with direct dyes on immature and mature cotton fibres of known origin, showed that the maturity did not affect the amount of dye absorbed at equilibrium. The absorption and desorption rates, however, were higher for immature than for mature fibres.
How do you determine the maturity of cotton?
1) Knife Test – Maturity can be determined by using a sharp knife to cut into the bolls. If the boll is watery or jelly like on the inside, then it is immature and needs more heat units. If boll development is such that the knife cannot slice through the lint, then the boll is nearly mature.
What is maturity of cotton fiber?
Cotton maturity is a physical testing parameter of cotton fiber properties testing. It is quantified by the degree of cell wall thickening relative to its perimeter. The maturity of individual cotton fiber is an essential aspect of the cotton classing regarding the aesthetics such as appearance, dye-uptake, etc.
What is maturity in textile?
Fibre maturity (in case of Cotton Fiber) is a fibre characteristic which expresses the relative degree of thickening of the fibre wall. … A fiber will be matured if a high degree of wall thickening took place into the fiber content during cotton growth.
How the Fibre maturity is an important property for the cotton Fibre?
Fibre maturity is the key factor affecting the quality of Raw cotton, and it has a substantial impact on rep formation as well as subsequent chemical processing. Process improvements can be made by measuring maturity at different stages of processing.
What are the disadvantages of immature fiber *?
In general, the manmade fibres are generally hydrophobic in nature; this is necessarily a disadvantage when their products have to be worn next to the skin. These fabrics fail to absorb the perspiration; thus the wearer feels discomfort in a hot climate. Manmade fibre fabrics are a little difficult to sew.
What is maturity ratio?
It was shown that the maturity ratio measures the average degree of wall thickening of a cotton relative to the degree of thickening corresponding to a particular ‘standard’ level of maturity. … Cottons more mature ‘than the standard level give test values of the maturity ratio greater than unity.
Which method is mostly used for testing fiber maturity?
The Cottonscope® rapidly, accurately, and precisely measures fiber maturity and fineness with small quantities of sample (approximately 50 mg).
What is the best color of cotton fiber?
Brown and green shades are found be the typical color of colored cotton fibers. Any color produced should be stabilized before it could be cultivated for further process.
What is immature fiber?
Immature fibres in the yarn: If the yarn has many immature fibres in it, then these immature fibres appear in the form of small balls on the fabric surface. These fibres appear in the form of undyed fibres on the fabric surface. …
What is MIC value of cotton?
Micronaire is a measurement of the thickness of the cell walls of cotton fiber and is used as an indication of fiber fineness and maturity. … Cotton buyers and textile manufacturers prefer a micronaire range of 3.8 to 4.5, and a fiber length of 1 1/8 inch or longer.
What percentage of cotton regain moisture?
the percentage of moisture in a textile material brought into equilibrium with a standard atmosphere after partial drying as a percentage of a moisture a free- weight. Standard Moisture regain: Standard moisture regain for cotton fibre is about 8.5%. Result: Average moisture regain for the cotton sample is about 8.5%.
What is MIC value of cotton fiber?
Micronaire (MIC) is a measure of the air permeability of compressed cotton fibers. It’s often used as an indication of fiber fineness and maturity. Fiber fineness and maturity are critical for fiber processing, as well as fiber quality. … Neps (knots of tangled fiber) Spinning performance.