The direct system is calculated with the formula N = (W/l) / (L/w). The indirect system uses the formula: N = (L/w) / (W/l). In these formulas, N is the yarn count, W is the weight of a sample of yarn, l is the unit of length, L is the length of the sample, and w is the unit of weight.
How is yarn count measured?
Yarn count refers to the thickness of a yarn and is determined by its mass per unit length. It is usually measured by the number of grams per one kilometer of yarn, a unit of measure called “Tex”. … In this system, the larger the number the finer the yarn and vice versa.
Which instrument is used for yarn count measurement?
The classic manual method of count measurement requires two instruments: a yarn reel and a balance.
What is the best yarn count?
Usually, the higher the yarn count of a shirt, the nicer the shirt. A good base yarn count number starts somewhere in the 100s, but if you are seeking a maximum standard, yarn count can move up further, towards 200. But, any yarn count above 140 should be adequately soft to the touch.
What is yarn count in knitting?
The yarn count expresses the thickness of the yarn, and must be known before calculating the quantity of yarns for a known length of fabric. The yarn count number indicates the length of yarn in relation to the weight. … The fixed length system and the Tex system are based on metric weights and measures.
What is a unit of yarn?
Skein. In a skein, the yarn is rolled into a loose, oblong-shaped twist. … In some circles, “skein” is used to refer to “one unit” of yarn. When most people attempt to conjure up an image of yarn in their mind’s eye, it’s the skein that usually pops up.
What is count in cotton yarn?
Also referred to as Ne or Number English. An indirect method of expressing the size of a cotton yarn (as the number increases, the physical yarn size decreases). It is the number of times the length of one pound of yarn can be divided by 840.
How do you measure yarn denier?
Denier is the weight of yarn mass in grams and is measured by weighing 9,000 meters of yarn. Yarn with a higher denier has more mass per unit length than one with a lower denier. Providing two yarns are made of the same kind of material, the higher denier size, the larger the thread or yarn size.
How do you calculate yarn count in GSM?
‘GSM’ means ‘Gram per square meter’ that is the weight of fabric in gram per one square meter.
Relation Among Yarn Count, Machine Gauge & Fabric GSM:
|140||30 s||24 gg|
|150||28 s||24 gg|
|160||26 s||24 gg|
|170||24 s||24 gg|
What is yarn count NM?
In a direct yarn counting system, the yarn number or count is the weight of a unit length of yarn. This means the higher the yarn count number, the heavier or thicker the yarn. … Denier: In the direct Denier system, the yarn count number indicates “the weight in grams of 9000 meters of yarn”.
What is 40s count yarn?
Cotton Count is defined as the number of 840 yards length of yarns in one pound. It means that the number of yarns of 840 yards length required weighing one pound. … For example, a 40’s yarn is two times finer than a 20’s yarn. The yarn count of a regular T-shirt made of single jersey fall in between 20 to 40.
What is the meaning of nm in yarn count?
The length of yarn in meters of one gram of yarn or length of yarn in kilometers of one kilogram of yarn is called new metric count(Nm). … The yarn becomes finer when Nm increases. It is generally used to express the count of cotton and sometimes for flax yarn.
How many types of count are there?
There are five variants of COUNT functions: COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK, COUNTIF, and COUNTIFS. We need to use the COUNTIF function or COUNTIFS function if we want to count only numbers that meet specific criteria. If we wish to count based on certain criteria, then we should use COUNTIF.