Does cucumber mosaic virus live in soil?

If there’s any good news here it’s that unlike some other mosaics, Cucumber Mosaic Virus can’t be passed along through seeds and won’t persist in plant debris or soil.

Can mosaic virus live in soil?

Unlike TMV (tobacco mosaic virus), CMV is not seedborne in tomato and does not persist in plant debris in the soil or on workers’ hands or clothing. The occurrence of this virus is erratic and unpredictable; consequently, control of this disease can be difficult.

How do you get rid of mosaic virus in soil?

How to Control Mosaic Viruses

  1. Remove all infected plants and destroy them. Do NOT put them in the compost pile, as the virus may persist in infected plant matter. …
  2. Monitor the rest of your plants closely, especially those that were located near infected plants.
  3. Disinfect gardening tools after every use.

Can cucumber mosaic virus spread to other plants?

Cucumber mosaic virus can infect plants from over forty families, including vegetable crops like tomato, lettuce and spinach, flower crops like gladiolus, petunias, impatiens and rudbekia, and a wide variety of weeds. All of the mosaic viruses can also infect weeds in the cucurbit family.

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How do I get rid of cucumber mosaic virus?

There are no chemicals that cure a CMV-infected plant, nor any that protect plants from becoming infected.

  1. Purchase virus-free plants.
  2. Maintain strict aphid control.
  3. Remove all weeds since these may harbor both CMV and aphids.
  4. Immediately set aside plants with the above symptoms and obtain a diagnosis.

Can tomatoes get cucumber mosaic virus?

Tomatoes infected with the cucumber mosaic virus develop a slight yellowing and mottling of the older leaves. Expanding leaves typically become twisted, curl downward, and develop a “shoestring” appearance as a result of a restriction of the leaf surface to a narrow band around the midrib of the leaf.

Can you eat cucumbers with mosaic virus?

Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot. Often the discoloration is only skin deep.

What causes cucumber mosaic virus?

Where does cucumber mosaic come from? Cucumber mosaic is caused by Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) which can overwinter in susceptible biennial or perennial weeds, as well as in perennial agricultural crops (e.g., alfalfa) and perennial herbaceous and woody ornamentals.

How long does mosaic virus last in soil?

TMV is transmitted mechanically and is not known to have an invertebrate vector like some other viruses. It is very stable and persists in the soil and on surfaces and can survive almost 50 years in dead, dried plant tissue.

How do I know if my plant has mosaic virus?

Mosaic symptoms are variable but commonly include irregular leaf mottling (light and dark green or yellow patches or streaks). Leaves are commonly stunted, curled, or puckered; veins may be lighter than normal or banded with dark green or yellow.

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Who spread the cucumber mosaic virus?

Spread: This virus is spread by several aphid vectors. Aphids aquire and transmit virus particles by probing and/or feeding on plant tissues. An aphid can transmit the virus to susceptible plants for up to two hours after acquiring the virus from an infected plant.

Is cucumber mosaic virus seed borne?

Analysis of individual whole seeds showed that seed-borne infection of CMV in pepper ranged from 95 to 100%. Further seed-growth tests were performed in Petri dishes and CMV was detected in both seed coat and embryo. Seed coat infection of CMV ranged from 53 to 83% while that of the embryo ranged from 10 to 46%.

Can mosaic virus spread to other plants?

If the sap contains TMV, it can be introduced into other plants when those come in contact with this sap. Sucking insects such as aphids do not spread TMV. Chewing insects such as grasshoppers and caterpillars occasionally spread the virus but are usually not important in spread.

How fast does mosaic virus spread?

Comments on the Disease

Cucumber mosaic virus is spread from plant-to-plant by many species of aphids. Aphids only retain the ability to transmit these viruses for very short periods of time (minutes to a few hours). Thus, spread is often very rapid and local.