To determine the amount of weft for a project, first you need to know the picks (weft threads) per inch. … Then you multiply that number (picks per inch) times the number of inches you’ll be weaving the piece times the width of the weaving plus about 10% (for example, by 11 inches for something 10 inches wide).
How is weft yarn consumption calculated?
Calculate the yarn consumption per yard of a woven fabric of specification (20 X 16)/(128 X 60) X 58”, 100% cotton 3/1 twill fabric. Solution: The requirement of yarn for the fabric is to be calculated for both warp yarn and weft yarn separately because the warp and weft yarns are of the 20s and 16s respectively.
What is weft count?
Here, count refers to the yarn count (warp yarn count and weft yarn count) and by construction primarily it means the number of warp yarns and weft yarns used in one inch of fabric. … It means that the number of yarns of 840 yards length required weighing one pound. The higher the count, the finer the yarn is.
How do you determine warp and weft?
In checks, if you find one colour with odd numbers of threads, it is warp. Then it is easy to determine warps as parallel yarns with selvedge is warp. And yarns those are perpendicular to the selvedge are weft or filling yarn.
How is yarn count calculated?
The direct system is calculated with the formula N = (W/l) / (L/w). The indirect system uses the formula: N = (L/w) / (W/l). In these formulas, N is the yarn count, W is the weight of a sample of yarn, l is the unit of length, L is the length of the sample, and w is the unit of weight.
How is warp and weft cover factor calculated?
In cotton system cloth cover in particular direction (warp cover factor or weft cover factor) is calculated by taking the ration of threads per inch and square root of the yarn count (cotton count/English count).
How do you calculate warp weight of yarn?
Take Ends/Inch and Multiply by Width in inches and 1.10. Divide this quantity by Warp count multiplied by 840. This will give you weight of Warp in pounds of one yard (a). To find the weight of the warp in one meter of fabric in grams multiply (a) by 1.09 and 1000 and divide by 2.2.
What is warp count?
The number of warp yarns per one inch or centimeter of fabric. This is also called sley, warp end count, ends per inch, or ends per centimeter.
How do you calculate yarn count in GSM?
‘GSM’ means ‘Gram per square meter’ that is the weight of fabric in gram per one square meter.
Relation Among Yarn Count, Machine Gauge & Fabric GSM:
|140||30 s||24 gg|
|150||28 s||24 gg|
|160||26 s||24 gg|
|170||24 s||24 gg|
How do you read yarn count?
As a general rule of thumb the finer the yarn the higher the count number (see below for why) and metric counts usually are expressed with the count first then the ends – 30/2nm whereas cotton and worsted counts tend to have the ends first then the count – 4/8cc or 3/9wc.
How is warp end calculated?
So how much yarn do you need all together to make your warp? Total warp ends needed * Total Warp Length = (this total will be your warp needs in inches.) Total warp needed in inches / 36 = (36 is how many inches are in a yard. Many yarn companies measure their product by yards per pound.)
What is GSM formula?
Now, by applying all the data in the required formula, we can easily find out the above-woven fabric GSM. GSM (Gram per square meter), = (3.12 + 1.5) × 23.5. = 108.57.
How do we measure weft?
First, verify that the notches (teeth) are clean and free of any dry paint. Immediately insert the end of the gage perpendicularly into the wet coating. The two end teeth will penetrate down to contact the underlying surface and will be wetted with coating. Withdraw the gage and read the highest wetted step.
How can you tell warp and weft yarn?
How To Identify Warp And Weft Yarn Of A Woven Fabric?
- The selvedge direction is warp direction.
- In most cases, EPI/EPCm is more than PPI/PPCm.
- Normally warp count is finer than weft count.
- Warp yarn is more twisted than weft yarn.
- If any yarn contains any size particle then the sized yarn is warp yarn.
How do you determine warp and weft without selvedge?
When a sample of fabric contains no selvedges, the warp and filling may be identified by observation of the weave: In plain weaves, a greater number of yarns running in one direction indicate the warp.