What are the different types of stitches used in surgery?

How many types of surgical stitches are there?

Surgical sutures are for holding body tissues together after surgery or injury. There are two types of sutures, absorbable and non-absorbable.

What are the 4 types of sutures?

2. Monofilament, Multifilament Sutures and Barb Sutures types

  • Monofilament sutures include: Polypropylene sutures, Catgut, Nylon, PVDF, Stainless steel, Poliglecaprone and Polydioxanone sutures.
  • Multifilament or braided sutures include: …
  • Barb sutures are usually available in:

What is the hardest surgical stitch?

Running subcuticular sutures are considered to be the “holy grail” of suturing techniques by many. That is to say, when done correctly, they give the best cosmetic outcome. Hand in hand with that, they are certainly the most technically challenging and time consuming of suturing techniques.

What are Vicryl sutures?

VICRYL Suture is a synthetic absorbable suture coated with a lactide and glycolide copolymer plus calcium stearate. 1. It is indicated for use in general soft tissue approximation and/or ligation, including ophthalmic procedures, but not cardiovascular or neurological tissues.

Is there a difference between stitches and sutures?

Although stitches and sutures are widely referred to as one and the same, in medical terms they are actually two different things. Sutures are the threads or strands used to close a wound. “Stitches” (stitching) refers to the actual process of closing the wound.

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What is a nylon suture?

Nylon sutures are also known as polyamide sutures. Nylon sutures are monofilament sutures and are remarkably smooth, soft and gives excellent knot security. Nylon sutures are non-absorbable sutures and possess excellent tensile strength. Nylon sutures are available in black colour.

What are blue stitches made of?

Composed of an isotactic crystalline stereoisomer of polypropylene, Prolene sutures are intended to be durable and long lasting. They are dyed blue, allowing for easy visibility against skin and when operating. It is composed of a single filament. A polypropylene mesh is also marketed under the name Prolene by Ethicon.

When do you use Vicryl sutures?

Coated Vicryl is indicated for use in ligation or general soft tissue approximation. Vicryl Rapide is indicated only when short-term wound care is needed and for use in superficial soft tissue suturing.

What are the 3 types of sutures?

Some of them are:

  • Continuous sutures. This technique involves a series of stitches that use a single strand of suture material. …
  • Interrupted sutures. This suture technique uses several strands of suture material to close the wound. …
  • Deep sutures. …
  • Buried sutures. …
  • Purse-string sutures. …
  • Subcutaneous sutures.

What is the difference between Monocryl and Vicryl?

Monocryl has identical knot performance compared with Vicryl, similar performance to PDS, and lesser performance compared with Maxon. Monocryl has high initial breaking strength, being superior to chronic gut, Vicryl, and PDS. Monocryl loses 70% to 80% of its tensile strength at 1 and 2 weeks.

Is nylon suture absorbable?

Polyamide or nylon is the most commonly used non-absorbable suture. It is most often used as a percutaneous suture because of its low tissue reactivity. It is excellent for general soft tissue approximation or ligation, including use in cardiovascular, ophthalmic and neurological procedures.

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What is polyamide suture?

Polyamide Suture (Nylon Sutures) is a Non-Absorbable sterile surgical suture composed of long-chain aliphatic polymers Nylon 6 and Nylon 6,6. Polyamide Nylon Suture is dyed black or blue to enhance visibility in tissue.

What is chromic suture used for?

Chromic Gut sutures are indicated for use in general soft tissue approximation and/or ligation, including use in ophthalmic surgery, but not in cardiovascular or neurological surgery. The use of this suture is contraindicated in patients with known sensitivities or allergies to any of its components.

What is silk suture?

Silk Suture (UNISIL) is a nonabsorbable, sterile, surgical suture composed of an organic protein called Fibroin. This protein is derived from the domesticated species Bombyx mori (B. Mori) of the family Bombycidae. Braided Silk Suture is processed to remove the natural waxes and gums.