What is the vestibule mosaic?
The Vestibule Mosaic
The mosaic is a Hymn of Laudation to the Mother of God; an Akathistos in color and light distinguished alike by its delicacy and vividness.
Where is the deesis mosaic located?
English: The Deësis mosaic in the basilica of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul probably dates from 1261. It is the third mosaic panel situated in the imperial enclosure of the upper galleries. The Deësis mosaic is made from many tesserae, and is considered the finest in the Hagia Sophia.
Does the Hagia Sophia have a mosaic of Justinian?
Mosaic panel located at the southwestern entrance of the basilica Hagia Sophia (Istanbul) depicting the emperor Constantine I holding a model of the city of Constantinople (right), the emperor Justinian I holding a model of Hagia Sophia (left) and the Virgin Mary holding the Child Christ on her lap, 10 century CE.
Who made the Theotokos mosaic?
This mosaic was, however, made by the Emperor Basil I after the earthquake of January 9, 869.
Who is depicted in the Theotokos mosaic located in the Hagia Sophia?
The first major mosaic added to Hagia Sophia following the 843 end of Iconoclasm depicted the Virgin Mary and Christ Child in the apse, the semidome above the altar at the eastern end of the church.
What was the mosaic of Justinian made of?
It was dedicated to the martyr Vitalis, the patron saint of Ravenna. At the time, the city was the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The octagonal structure is made of marble and capped by a lofty terra-cotta dome. The celebrated mosaics were strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople (Istanbul).
Who is in deesis mosaic?
The Deësis mosaic in Hagia Sophia
The monumental Deësis mosaic depicts Christ flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist approximately two and a half times larger than life. The looming stature of these three figures reflects their importance in Byzantine culture.
What does the Greek word deesis mean?
Greek deēsis entreaty, prayer, from dein to lack, miss, deisthai to beg.
Why was the deesis covered up?
In the late 30’s few people traveled to Istanbul to see the mosaics first-hand. During WWII the Deesis was covered to protect it from harm until after the war.
What happened to the original mosaics in the Hagia Sophia?
The original mosaics were not destroyed by the Ottoman conquerors but merely covered up when the city was captured in 1453. When Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum, they were uncovered so that visitors would enjoy them.
What means Hagia Sophia?
The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “holy wisdom,” is a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D. … In its 1,400 year life-span it has served as a cathedral, mosque and now a museum.
What was the first mosaic?
The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.
What religious theme unites the mosaics in the church of San Vitale?
A major theme of this mosaic program is the authority of the emperor in the Christian plan of history.
What was Justinian’s nickname?
He is called “Saint Justinian the Emperor” in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Because of his restoration activities, Justinian has sometimes been known as the “Last Roman” in mid-20th century historiography.
Who made Virgin and Child mosaic?
English: The Virgin and Child mosaics are located in the half dome of the apse of the Hagia Sophia. This was the first of the post-iconoclastic mosaics. It was inaugurated on 29 March 867 by Patriarch Photios and the emperors Michael III and Basil I.