Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV) or okra yellow vein mosaic (OYVMV) is a viral disease caused by monopartite Begomovirus affecting okra plants. It was first found in 1924 in Bombay, India, and Sri Lanka. It is the major limitation of the production of okra. This disease is transmitted by whitefly.
How does the mosaic virus spread?
Mosaic viruses are mostly spread by insects, especially aphids and leafhoppers. You can try covering your plants with a floating row cover or aluminum foil mulches to prevent these insects from infecting your plants.
What is the mode of transmission of yellow vein mosaic?
Insects are the mode of transmission of Yellow vein mosaic disease. The whitefly insect is responsible for this disease. The disease is caused by the association of a DNA Beta satellite with a begomovirus.
How fast does mosaic virus spread?
Comments on the Disease
Cucumber mosaic virus is spread from plant-to-plant by many species of aphids. Aphids only retain the ability to transmit these viruses for very short periods of time (minutes to a few hours). Thus, spread is often very rapid and local.
Can mosaic virus spread through soil?
Tomato mosaic virus of tomatoes can exist in the soil or plant debris for up to two years, and can be spread just by touch – a gardener who touches or even brushes up against an infected plant can carry the infection for the rest of the day.
What is mosaic in plants?
mosaic, plant disease caused by various strains of several hundred viruses. A number of economically important crops are susceptible to mosaic infections, including tobacco, cassava, beet, cucumber, and alfalfa.
How do plants control virus diseases?
Disease control is based on two strategies: i) immunization (genetic resistance obtained by plant breeding, plant transformation, cross-protection, or others), and ii) prophylaxis to restrain virus dispersion (using quarantine, certification, removal of infected plants, control of natural vectors, or other procedures).
What causes yellow vein?
This disease is caused by a complex consisting of the monopartite begomovirus Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV, family: Geminiviridae) and a small satellite DNA beta component. BYVMV can systemically infect bhendi upon agroinoculation but produces only mild leaf curling in this host.
What is plant vein clearing?
Vein clearing is the loss of normal green coloration of plant veins; usually they turn yellow first.
What bacteria causes disease in plants?
Most plant pathogenic bacteria belong to the following genera: Erwinia, Pectobacterium, Pantoea, Agrobacterium, Pseudomonas, Ralstonia, Burkholderia, Acidovorax, Xanthomonas, Clavibacter, Streptomyces, Xylella, Spiroplasma, and Phytoplasma.
Can you eat a watermelon with mosaic virus?
Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot.
How can we control yellow mosaic virus?
— Infected plants should be removed. — Remove and destroy disease-affected leaves/plants from crop fields to avoid secondary spread. — Destroy host weeds. Intercrop with non host crops like sorghum, pearl millet and maize.
What plants can get mosaic virus?
Mosaic viruses affect a wide range of edible crops – alfalfa, apples, beans, celery, corn, cucumbers, figs, peppers, spinach, tobacco and tomatoes are some of the more common ones. They can also infect ornamental plants like abultilon, delphinium, gladiola, marigold, petunia and one of the most notable, roses.
Can mosaic virus spread by touch?
Slight contact may also transmit the virus. It has been shown that watering nozzles that touch infected plants and are then allowed to touch uninfected plants will transmit the virus.
Can houseplants get mosaic virus?
Typically, most houseplant viruses are named after the plant that they affect, plus having “mosaic” in the name. There are, unfortunately, quite a few viruses that affect houseplants. If you have viral diseases of houseplants, there is regrettably no cure, so you’ll have to destroy your plant.
Can humans get TMV?
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), a widespread plant pathogen, is found in tobacco (including cigarettes and smokeless tobacco) as well as in many other plants. Plant viruses do not replicate or cause infection in humans or other mammals.