The Virgin and Child mosaic, 9th century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey. The mosaic is located in the apse semi-dome of Hagia Sophia. In the mosaic Mary is enthroned and she puts her right hand on the shoulder of the Child Christ who is seated in her lap.
Where is the Theotokos mosaic located?
Theotokos Mosaic at the Hagia Sophia
After the end of iconoclasm, a new mosaic was dedicated in the Hagia Sophia under the Patriarch Photius and the Macedonian emperors Michael III and Basil I. The mosaic is located in the apse over the main alter and depicts the Theotokos, or the Mother of God.
Who made the Virgin and Child Mosaic?
This mosaic was, however, made by the Emperor Basil I after the earthquake of January 9, 869. Alternative 2(ii) is equally unacceptable. If all that happened on March 29, 867 was that a portable icon of the Virgin had been placed somewhere in St. Sophia, then Photius is guilty of the wildest hyperbole.
Who is depicted in the Theotokos mosaic located in the Hagia Sophia?
Mosaic panel located at the southwestern entrance of the basilica Hagia Sophia (Istanbul) depicting the emperor Constantine I holding a model of the city of Constantinople (right), the emperor Justinian I holding a model of Hagia Sophia (left) and the Virgin Mary holding the Child Christ on her lap, 10 century CE.
What is the deesis mosaic?
The monumental Deësis mosaic depicts Christ flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist approximately two and a half times larger than life. … In the mosaic, Christ sits upon a jeweled throne like an emperor or judge (although most of the throne and bottom half of the mosaic have been lost).
What is Emperor Justinian I noted for?
Justinian is best remembered for his work as a legislator and codifier. … He also sponsored the codification of laws known as the Codex Justinianus (Code of Justinian) and directed the construction of several important cathedrals, including the Hagia Sophia. Byzantine Empire. Learn about this historical Eastern empire.
What religious theme unites the mosaics in the church of San Vitale?
A major theme of this mosaic program is the authority of the emperor in the Christian plan of history.
What happened above Hagia Sophia on May 28 1453?
On May 28, 1453, the Byzantine emperor Constantine XI entered Hagia Sophia, “the church of the divine wisdom,” to pray. … Twenty years after its completion, two major earthquakes shook Hagia Sophia and destroyed its eastern arch. After extensive renovation, it reopened in 562 A.
What means Hagia Sophia?
The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “holy wisdom,” is a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D. … In its 1,400 year life-span it has served as a cathedral, mosque and now a museum.
When was the Virgin and Child Mosaic made?
The Virgin and Child mosaic, 9th century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey.
Where is the Hagia Sophia located today?
|Location||Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey|
|Type||Byzantine Christian cathedral ( c. 360–1204, 1261–1453) Latin Catholic cathedral (1204–1261) Mosque (1453–1931; 2020–present) Museum (1935–2020)|
|Material||Ashlar, Roman brick|
|Length||82 m (269 ft)|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
What was Justinian’s nickname?
He is called “Saint Justinian the Emperor” in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Because of his restoration activities, Justinian has sometimes been known as the “Last Roman” in mid-20th century historiography.
What period is Hagia Sophia?
Much of the Hagia Sophia’s edifice evident today was completed in the 6th century (primarily from 532–537), during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.
What is the meaning deesis?
In Byzantine art, and in later Eastern Orthodox art generally, the Deësis or Deisis (/deɪˈiːsɪs/, day-EE-siss; Greek: δέησις, “prayer” or “supplication”), is a traditional iconic representation of Christ in Majesty or Christ Pantocrator: enthroned, carrying a book, and flanked by the Virgin Mary and St.
What is Theodora and attendants?
One of the most studied mosaics of the Byzantine church of San Vitale in Ravenna , Italy is Empress Theodora and Her Attendants, a companion piece to Emperor Justinian and His Attendants. The mosaics were completed in 547 AD, shortly before the consecration of the church.
What is the deesis mosaic made of?
In the Deesis we find a combination of old and new gold mosaic.